Digital Image Integrity & Manipulation
The Journal of Innovation Management (JIM) is guided by COPE's various resources on issues relating to Digital Image Manipulation.
- JIM refers to the steps outlined in COPE's 'Image manipulation in a published article' flowchart resource.
- For cases where concerns are raised to, or from within JIM, "relating to digital photographic images (e.g. duplication of parts within an image, or use of identical images to show different things)." (Source: COPE's 'Image manipulation in a published article' flowchart).
- In cases raised with wider concerns about potential data fabrication, JIM refers to the steps outlined in COPE's, 'Fabricated data in a submitted manuscript' flowchart resource.
JIM also suggests authors, editors, reviewers consult the comprehensive information/resources available publicly on the STM - Advancing trusted research website about Image Alterations & Duplication, including its 'Recommendations for handling image integrity issues' paper.
JIM does not permit the modifying of an image by enhancing, obscuring, relocating, moved, removing, or introducing specific features. However, adjustments to brightness, contrast, or colour balance are acceptable so long as they do not obscure or eliminate any original information.