Overview of the Leather Industry and Pollution Impact

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Vânia Silva


The growing awareness of the human and environmental vulnerability, to the pollution resulting from industrial activity, highlights the urgent need for control and mitigate the degradation of the world as we know it. The leather industry, considered as one of the industries with a significant environmental impact, applies several chemicals, some of them considered as hazardous chemicals, such as chromium, in leather production. The restricted EU environmental regulations have driven the search for a process that ensures regulatory compliance and a final product that fulfills society’s requirements. The present review describes alternative options, applied in the leather tanning process in the last five years, to overcome some of the industry barriers, without compromising the final characteristics of leather.


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Author Biography

Vânia Silva, CIETI - ISEP; University of Porto

CIETI-Center for Innovation in Engineering and Industrial Technology

ISEP-School of Engineering Polytechnic of Porto

Rua Dr. Antonio Bernardino de Almeida, 431

4249-015 PORTO



Doctoral Program in Chemistry

Faculty of Sciences

University of Porto

Rua do Campo Alegre

4169-007 PORTO