To ensure the integrity of research manuscripts and publishing process, IJOOES continuously investigates allegations of publication misconduct, both before and after publication. If malpractice is discovered at any time, even after the publication, IJOOES will take appropriate actions, such as issuing a correction or retraction, to make sure the conformance to the ethical standard is met by all parties involved. IJOOES adheres to COPE Guidelines for Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

Authors must comply with best practice in publication ethics, specifically with regard to authorship, a duplicate submission, originality and plagiarism, acknowledgement of sources, fabrication, digital image manipulation, competing for financial interests, disclosure and conflicts of interest, hazards to human or animal subjects, and fundamental errors in published works. In addition, authors should present their work with sufficient detail and references in a clear and objective manner so that replication of the research is possible.

Editors must treat manuscripts in confidence, ensure a fair and unbiased peer-review of manuscripts for publication, and declare any competing interests. They must guard the integrity of the publication by pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct and issuing corrections and retractions when needed. Editors should also follow rigorous editorial policies that not only promote the transparency and objectivity of peer review but also prevent reviewer and editorial misconduct.

Reviewers must contribute to editorial decision-making with standards of objectivity, promptness and confidentiality. Any invited reviewer with conflicting interests or lack of expertise regarding the manuscript to be referred should notify the editor and excuse from the review process. The review, conducted in a comprehensive and objective manner, should be reported with clearly stated observations with supporting evidence that can facilitate the editorial decision-making process as well as help authors to improve their manuscripts.

IJOOES does not tolerate any type of plagiarism. We reserve the right to use plagiarism detecting software (Turnitin) to screen submitted papers.

Conflict of interest

Authors should disclose all relationships or interests that could inappropriately influence or bias their work.

The corresponding author should include a summary statement in the manuscript in a separate section, “Conflicts of Interest”, placed just before the reference list. The statement should reflect all the collected potential conflict of interest disclosures in the form.

Potential conflicts of interest include but are not limited to financial interests (grants or other funding, paid expert testimonies, patent-licensing arrangements, membership, employment, consultancies, and stocks/shares ownership,) and non-financial interests (affiliations, personal beliefs and personal or professional relationships).

Human Rights

When reporting on research involving human subjects, human material, human tissues, or human data, authors must declare that the investigations were carried out following the rules of the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975 (

An approval from an ethics committee should be obtained before undertaking the research. The corresponding author should include a statement  in the Methodology section including the project identification code, date of approval, and name of the ethics committee, or institutional review board.

Informed Consent

A written informed consent for publication must be obtained from participating subjects.

Animal Rights

Authors should ensure that:

  • Animals should be replaced by alternatives wherever possible
  • The number of animals used should be reduced
  • The experimental conditions and procedures should minimize the harm to animals

Any experimental study must be conducted in accordance with relevant national legislation on the use of animals for research. For further guidance, authors should consult Directive 2010/63/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2010.


Editors reserve the right to reject any submission that does not meet these requirements.