Safety mandates, legal requirements, and management practices to provide employees with a safe and healthful work environment Review

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Bahaudin Mujtaba
Belal Kaifi
Eleanor Lawrence


A commitment to safety is not a once-a-year endeavor that requires minimum training or awareness, but rather, it is a comprehensive concern for all stakeholders. Every business should provide a safe environment for their workers. This paper provides an overview of safety concerns, legal requirements, and best practices based on a review of the literature and government fatality data in the workplace, especially in the construction industry. Managers and human resource professionals must ensure their workplace places are as safe as possible. Using personality assessments to identify high-safety risk professionals can be one tool in their toolbox for creating and sustaining a safe and healthy work environment.

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Author Biographies

Bahaudin Mujtaba, Nova Southeastern University

Bahaudin G. Mujtaba is Professor of Management and Human Resources at Nova Southeastern University in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Bahaudin is the author and co-author of several professional and academic books dealing with diversity, ethics, and management, as well as numerous academic journal articles. During the past thirty years he has had the pleasure of working with human resource professionals in the United States, Canada, Brazil, Bahamas, Afghanistan, Pakistan, St. Lucia, Grenada, Malaysia, Japan, Vietnam, China, India, Thailand, and Jamaica. This diverse exposure has provided him diverse insights in ethics, culture, and management from the perspectives of different firms, people groups, and countries. Bahaudin can be reached at:

Belal Kaifi, American University of Afghanistan

Belal A. Kaifi is an Associate Professor of Management at the American University of Afghanistan (AUAF). He completed his post-doctoral studies in Business Administration at the University of Florida, earned a doctoral degree (Ed.D.) in Organization and Leadership at the University of San Francisco, and earned a second doctoral degree (Ph.D.) in Health Care Administration and Policy at American InterContinental University. Belal has been teaching for over 15 years and has worked in health care administration for a combined 10 years. Belal’s broad research interests include topics related to cross-cultural management, strategic leadership, and health care policy. Belal can be reached at:

Eleanor Lawrence, Nova Southeastern University

Eleanor Lawrence is Professor of Management at Nova Southeastern University in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Eleanor has extensive Executive Human Resources. and Organizational Behavior Internal/External Consultant experience. She has a strong application and academic background in organizational development, organizational renewal, and culture transformation. With expertise in employee relations, labor relations, compensation, and leadership development she has excellent change management, facilitation, and feedback skills. She has proven expertise with diagnostic, assessment, and intervention processes and instruments at the organizational, department, team, and individual levels.

Eleanor is a consultant providing Human Resource Management, Leadership Development, and Organizational Behavioral consulting and coaching services with expertise in executive coaching, organizational dynamics, employee relations, leadership development, succession planning, and strategic planning. She is also a consultant for Hogan Assessment Systems, Creative Metrics, LLC, Right Florida, and an adjunct coach and trainer for the Center for Creative Leadership.